See U.S. Implementation for U.S. citations.
The North American Free Trade Agreement ("NAFTA") was signed on December 17, 1992. The U.S. signed the environmental and labor side agreements on September 14,1993. The NAFTA entered into force on January 1, 1994, and suspended the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement ("CFTA," 27 I.L.M. 281 (1988), in force 1989). For citations to the NAFTA, see the U.S., Canada and Mexico tabs in this guide.
Side agreements were also signed:
North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation
Border Environmental Cooperation Agreement (U.S. and Mexico)
- Texts of the Agreement, NAFTA Secretariat
- North American Free Trade Agreements
- International Legal Materials, HeinOnline
ILM is an unofficial source preferred by the Bluebook. It reprints the following texts:
North American Free Trade Agreement, 32 I.L.M. 289 and 605 (1993).
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, 32 I.L.M. 1480 (1993).
North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation, 32 I.L.M. 1499 (1993).
Understanding Between the Parties to the North American Free Trade Agreement Concerning Chapter Eight-Emergency Action, 32 I.L.M. 1519 (1993).
Border Environment Cooperation Agreement, 32 I.L.M. 1547 (1993).