Bluebook citation and beyondOther sources and GATT 1947Other trade agreements
GATT and early WTO documents, 1946-1997WTO documents, 1995-present
Citing the dispute settlement reportsDocuments from dispute settlements (submissions)Finding disputes by topic, article number, etc.Selected books about dispute settlement
Citing to a U.S. sourceGovernment websites, etc.U.S. legislative history
This is the "The Agreements" page of the "WTO & GATT Research" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

WTO & GATT Research   Tags: foreign & international law, international law  

This guide presents the essential sources for researching the former GATT and the current system under the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization. NOTE: Main tabs list general sources that might not be repeated in the dropdown tabs.
Last Updated: Mar 17, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

The Agreements Print Page

The Agreements pages


Multilateral trade conventions under the GATT/WTO system are called "agreements." The current WTO system operates under agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Round, 1986-94. Negotiations are ongoing on certain topics.

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh on April 15, 1994, and went into force on January 1, 1995. It contained a package of about 60 agreements, annexes, decisions, and understandings, including the Marrakesh Agreement ("WTO Agreement") establishing the WTO, the GATT 1994, the GATS, other agreements on services, and the TRIPS. The GATT 1994 incorporates by reference the GATT 1947 and related official instruments as amended up to the effective date of the WTO agreements.


    Ongoing negotiations

    To track current negotiations, try news sources and websites. For example, the WTO website has a page on the negotiations on agricultural trade reform at


      Ratifications, etc.

      For updating the status of the legal instruments and for the text of reservations and declarations:

      • WTO Status of Legal Instruments
        Provides information about registration with the United Nations, ratification, acceptance, accession, withdrawals, notifications, and communications from members regarding the instruments. Includes the text of communications, reservations and declarations.
        As of 2008, only this online version is updated, but earlier editions are available in the Law Library:

      • WTO Status of Legal Instruments. Geneva: WTO, 2006-.
        Reserve  K4610.A2 S733

      • Status of Legal Instruments. Geneva: WTO, 1997-2005.
        Reserve  K4600.A1944 A67x

        Loading  Loading...