Status of the WTO AgreementsCiting the WTO agreementsAdditional sources of the WTO agreements & other trade agreements
GATT and early WTO documents, 1940-2000WTO documents, 1995-present
Rules, procedure, process, etc.Find disputes by topic, article number, etc.Citing the dispute decisionsDocuments from dispute settlements (submissions)Selected books about dispute settlement
Citing official U.S. sourcesU.S. government websites, etc.U.S. legislative history
This is the "The trade agreements" page of the "WTO/GATT Research" guide.
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WTO/GATT Research   Tags: foreign & international law, international law  

This guide presents the essential sources for researching the former GATT and the current system under the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization. NOTE: Main tabs list general sources that might not be repeated in the dropdown tabs.
Last Updated: Nov 7, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

The trade agreements Print Page

Finding specific terms in an agreement

WTO Agreements & the GATT 1947

Multilateral trade conventions under the GATT/WTO system are called "agreements." The current WTO system operates under agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Round, 1986-94. Negotiations are ongoing on certain topics. The collective term "legal texts" refers to the agreements, related ministerial decisions and declarations and post-1994 agreements and protocols.

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh on April 15, 1994, and went into force on January 1, 1995. It contained a package of about 60 agreements, annexes, decisions, and understandings, including the Marrakesh Agreement ("WTO Agreement") establishing the WTO, the GATT 1994, the GATS, other agreements on services, and the TRIPS. The GATT 1994 incorporates by reference the GATT 1947, as amended over time, except for the 1947 Protocol on Provisional Application, and related official instruments as amended up to the effective date of the WTO agreements.


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