Multilateral trade conventions under the GATT/WTO system are called "agreements." The current WTO system operates under agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Round, 1986-94. Negotiations are ongoing on certain topics.
The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh on April 15, 1994, and went into force on January 1, 1995. It contained a package of about 60 agreements, annexes, decisions, and understandings, including the Marrakesh Agreement ("WTO Agreement") establishing the WTO, the GATT 1994, the GATS, other agreements on services, and the TRIPS. The GATT 1994 incorporates by reference the GATT 1947 and related official instruments as amended up to the effective date of the WTO agreements.
To track current negotiations, try news sources and websites. For example, the WTO website has a page on the negotiations on agricultural trade reform at http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/agric_e/negoti_e.htm.
For updating the status of the legal instruments and for the text of reservations and declarations:
- WTO Status of Legal Instruments.
Provides information about registration with the United Nations, ratification, acceptance, accession, withdrawals, notifications, and communications from members regarding the instruments. Includes the text of communications, reservations and declarations.
As of 2008, only this online version is updated, but earlier editions are available in the Law Library:
- WTO Status of Legal Instruments. Geneva: WTO, 2006-.
Reserve K4610.A2 S733
- Status of Legal Instruments. Geneva: WTO, 1997-2005.
Reserve K4600.A1944 A67x