This guide presents the essential sources for researching the former GATT and the current system under the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization. NOTE: Main tabs list general sources that might not be repeated in the dropdown tabs.
Last Updated: Aug 3, 2017
The examples in Bluebook, 20th ed., Rule 21.11(d) (which incorporates by reference Rule 21.4.5) and the suggested official citations below do not include any U.S. treaty sources because the U.S. did not ratify the Uruguay Round agreements as treaties, but instead implemented them through legislation and administrative action.
For citation to the Bluebook-preferred official U.N.T.S. and unofficial I.L.M., as well as additional sources, see Citing the WTO Agreements.
- Uruguay Round Agreements Act, Pub. L. 103-465, 108 Stat. 4809 (1994), 19 U.S.C. 3501 and other sections listed in the U.S.C. Tables and the short title note under 19 U.S.C.A. 3501
Statutes at Large and the United States Code are both available in print and online.
- U.S. Regulations & tariffs
- Uruguay Round Trade Agreements, Text of Agreements, Implementing Bill, Statement of Administrative Action, and Required Supporting Statements: Message from the President of the United States Transmitting the Uruguay Round Trade Agreements...
To search Proquest Congressional: Legislative & Executive Publications>Search by number>Bibliographic Citations: H. Doc. 103-316.
In print: Reserve K4603 1987 .A3x 1994
- GATT 1947: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Oct. 30, 1947, 61 Stat. pt. 5, 55 U.N.T.S. 194
Part 5 of Vol. 61, Statutes at Large (HeinOnline calls it Supplement A). Per page iv, Part 5 contains the Final Act in English and French, the English authentic texts, and the revised translations by the Dept. of State of the parts of the agreement for which only the French texts are authentic; and Part 6 of vol. 61 contains the French authentic text and the Protocol of Provisional Application in English and French. The GATT 1947 was also published as T.I.A.S. 1700.