During and between the multilateral negotiations (called "rounds") that result in the general trade agreements, members also conduct bilateral, plurilateral or multilateral talks that result in (1) specific commitments on maximum tariffs for goods, and agreements on quotas, export subsidies and domestic supports for agriculture, and (2) specific commitments to open domestic markets to services from other members and exemptions from these commitments. These agreements are memorialized in schedules. The goods schedules are annexed to the GATT and the services schedules are annexed to the GATS. In the case of a new member, schedules are annexed to the protocol of accession. Member states are thus bound to their schedules, but changes can occur through subsequent formal negotiations or through technical modifications or rectifications.
See, Gallagher, Peter. A Handbook on Reading WTO Schedules. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. B1 K4610 .H36 2009. Table of contents and chapter 1 available at http://www.wto.org
- Schedules of Concessions Other related links>Schedules of concessions.
Through the members pages on the WTO website. This page also has notifications submitted by member states.
Through the Trade Topics page on the WTO website
Search for schedule-related documents in theofficial document sources.
Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations: Legal Instruments Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round (Geneva: GATT Secretariat, 1994). 34-volume set of the agreements and the schedules as of that date. To find out which volume covers which members, go to the WTO Online Bookshop. The Law Library does not own this set.
- The schedules may also be available in separate volumes. See, e.g.,
Handbook of GATS Commitments: Trade in Services under the WTO. Ed. David Hartridge, Tashi Kaul and Omar Odarda. London: Cameron May, 2003.
Reserve HD9980.65 .H36 2003
Second Protocol to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Geneva: WTO, 1995 (financial services).
B1 K1066.A41996 A44 1995
Third Protocol to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Geneva: WTO, 1995 (movement of Natural Persons).
B1 K3973.A41994 A44 1995
Fourth Protocol to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Geneva: WTO, 1997 (basic telecommunications).
B1 K3973.A41994 A44 1997
Fifth Protocol to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Geneva: WTO, 1998. B1 K3973.A41994 A44 1998
- 55 U.N.T.S. 306 lists the U.N.T.S. volumes that contain the 1947 schedules.
See also national tariff sources for individual members, such as:
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (cdrom).
Documents Office KF6654.599 .U55
Also published in looseleaf format. U.S. International Trade Commission. Washington, D.C., 1987-. B1 KF6654.599 .U55
Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb of the U.S. International Trade Commission.
World Tariff Profiles (annual) lists the tariffs imposed by each WTO member on its imports, with an analysis of the market access conditions it faces in its major export markets, presented in summary tables and country-by-country breakdowns. Also available for viewing or downloading on the WTO website at http://www.wto.org/english/res_e
GATT 1947 schedules: T.I.A.S. 1700