Status of the WTO AgreementsCiting the WTO agreementsAdditional sources of the WTO agreements & other trade agreements
GATT and early WTO documents, 1940-2000WTO documents, 1995-present
Rules, procedure, process, etc.Find disputes by topic, article number, etc.Citing the dispute decisionsDocuments from dispute settlements (submissions)Selected books about dispute settlement
Citing official U.S. sourcesU.S. government websites, etc.U.S. legislative history
This is the "Drafting & negotiating history" page of the "WTO/GATT Research" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

WTO/GATT Research   Tags: foreign & international law, international law  

This guide presents the essential sources for researching the former GATT and the current system under the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization. NOTE: Main tabs list general sources that might not be repeated in the dropdown tabs.
Last Updated: Aug 3, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Drafting & negotiating history Print Page

Travaux préparatoires: research strategy

Travaux préparatoires, also referred to as "negotiating history" and "drafting history," are the preparatory works, including documents, reports, minutes, drafts, and other materials, from the drafting and the negotiation of the treaty. A state party's materials on the drafting, negotiation and domestic ratification, adoption and/or implementation of a treaty might also be relevant to your research. All of these are the primary sources, or raw materials, for researching the history of a treaty. See also Commentaries & travaux préparatoires (drafting history) in the NYU Law Library International Law research guide.
To look for the history of the WTO Agreements or the former GATT, the following four-step research process is suggested. 
If you need the full text of any GATT or WTO document, or to search for more documents related to your topic, use the official document sources.

Selected books, articles & websites on the history of the agreements

See also
Books, working papers, etc. 
Law reviews, journals, articles

Websites may contain documents from past or current negotiating rounds. For example:
Intellectual Property page, Trade Topics, Negotiating History tab 
TradeLawGuide, Trade Law Documents, Selected Negotiating History.

Agreeing and Implementing the Doha Round of the WTO, Cambridge Books Online

Fast Track: a Legal, Historical, and Political Analysis

The GATT Uruguay Round: A Negotiating History (1986-1992)

Guide to the Uruguay Round Agreements

Implementing the Uruguay Round

Intellectual Property and International Trade: the TRIPS Agreement, Wolters Kluwer Digital Books

Interpreting WTO Agreements: Problems and Perspectives, Cambridge Books Online

Legal Guide to GATS, Wolters Kluwer Digital Books

"The Legislative Process: Case Study 1: The Making of the TRIPS Agreement," chap. 4 in Lawmaking under the Trade Constitution: A Study in Legislating by the World Trade Organization, Wolters Kluwer Digital Books

The Making of the TRIPS Agreement: Personal Insights from the Uruguay Round Negotiations, (download PDF)

Max Planck Commentaries on World Trade Law, Brill Online

The New World Trade Organization Agreements: Globalizing Law Through Services and Intellectual Property 

Oxford Commentaries on the GATT/WTO Agreements, Oxford Commentaries on International Law, Oxford Public International Law   

Reshaping the World Trading System: A History of the Uruguay Round, Wolters Kluwer Digital Books

Treaty Interpretation by the WTO Appellate Body, Oxford Scholarship Online

The TRIPS Agreement: Drafting History and Analysis

The Trips Regime of Trademarks and Designs, Wolters Kluwer Digital Books

Understanding the WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement: Negotiating History and Subsequent Interpretation


    Bretton Woods Conference transcripts

    The 1944 Bretton Woods conference led to the establishment of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and post World War II international financial system. The never established International Trade Organization was envisioned as the third Bretton Woods institution. The original GATT 1947 resulted from negotiations on trade rules and tariffs and the failed attempt to achieve the ITO Charter. See Understanding the WTO: Basics: The GATT Years: From Havana to Marrakesh.


    Loading  Loading...