Bluebook citation and beyondOther sources and GATT 1947Other trade agreements
GATT and early WTO documents, 1946-1997WTO documents, 1995-present
Citing the dispute settlement reportsDocuments from dispute settlements (submissions)Finding disputes by topic, article number, etc.Selected books about dispute settlement
Citing to a U.S. sourceGovernment websites, etc.U.S. legislative history
This is the "Citing the dispute settlement reports" page of the "WTO & GATT Research" guide.
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WTO & GATT Research   Tags: foreign & international law, international law  

This guide presents the essential sources for researching the former GATT and the current system under the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization. NOTE: Main tabs list general sources that might not be repeated in the dropdown tabs.
Last Updated: Mar 17, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citing the dispute settlement reports Print Page

Citation tip

There are a number of places to read the GATT and WTO dispute panel and appellate body reports. The paragraph numbers in the reports remain consistent regardless of the source you are using. A neutral citation to a paragraph number, such as the example in Rule 21.11(a) of the Bluebook, will be helpful to a researcher who is reading from a different source than the one you are citing.


    "Official" and frequently cited sources

    I.  BISD if therein.* See Official documents for more information about BISD.

    Tip: First search BISD in LexisNexis Intl Law>Treaties & Intl Agreements before consulting the hardcopy volumes shelved at: 1995-current: B1  K4602 .G46   pre-1995: Compact Shelves NYUL KE G35 C65 B2

    *The new WTO series of BISD (1995-) does not contain dispute settlement reports and refers researchers instead to the...

    Dispute Settlement Reports co-published by the WTO and Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2000-). Coverage starts with 1996. These are the only authorized paginated reporter in English. According to the Introduction to the WTO Analytical Index: Guide to WTO Law and Practice, 2d ed., at 2, these Cambridge texts are "WTO-approved versions" of the reports. They are shelved at: B1 K4600 .A53 W67x


    • To find reports chronologically, by country or by subject, go to Trade Topics>Dispute Settlement>The disputes.
    • To search them by keywords, etc., go to Documents>Search for documents.

    III.  I.L.M. International Legal Materials, American Society of International Law, 1962-. Searchable via this link in HeinOnline. Be sure that the agreement you need to cite is actually reproduced in the source you are citing. See 33 I.L.M. 1141-42 for a list of the agreements reproduced in that volume. Compact Shelves JX 27 A5 I5. Also searchable in WESTLAW (ILM), vol.19, 1980-.


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